Pendekatan Konsep Harmoni dalam Manajemen Konflik oleh Jepang dalam Isu Sengketa Senkaku/Diaoyu dengan Tiongkok

Rudi Saeputra


The Senkaku dispute refers to a territorial claim between China and Japan over a group of eight pinnacle islands in East China Sea. Japan has taken a valid control over the Senkaku Islands since 1895. Yet, in the light of historical records, China claims the islands as a part of its ancient territory. This article aims to analyze Japan’s motives in taking repetitive peaceful measure in handling the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands dispute. Most of existing academic writing about China-Japan discord put emphasize on the findings related to mutual aid and regime, strategy and policy, power projection and threat perception, and interaction of complex relationship. Few, if any, scrutinize Japan’s concern to take non-violent way to face China in the Senkaku/Dioayu dispute. By applying harmony-concept-invoked-approach of conflict management, this article goes for cultural philosophy and national interests as motives behind Japan’s repetitive peaceful measure in the Senkaku/Diaoyu dispute. This article shows that the Japan’s non-violent measure is induced by her value of traditional culture along with economy factor and national security.   


Aston, W. G. (1896) Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A.D. 697, Suplemen 1, Vol. 2 dalam Kubin, Hyman (1968) Japan: Selected Readings, Houghton Mifflin Company

Azem, H, A. (2005) The Reconceptualisation of Conflict Management, Peace, Conflict and Development: An Interdisciplinary Journal, Vol. 7, July 2005

Bauman, S. C. (1994) In Search of the Japanese Spirit in Talent Education. Alfred Music Publishing, 12

Deans, Phil (2000) Contending Nationalism and the Diaoyutai/Senkaku Dispute, Security Dialogue, 31:1, 119-131

Downs, E. S & P. C. Saunders (1999) Legitimacy and the Limits of Nationalism: China and the Diaoyu Islands, International Security, 23:3, 114-146

Fravel, Taylor (2010) Explaining Stability in the Senkaku (Diaoyu) Islands Dispute

Genzberger, C. (1994) Japan Business: The Portable Encyclopedia for Doing Business with Japan. World Trade Press, 155

Hafeez, Sanaa Yasmin (2015) The Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands Crisis of 2004, 2010, and 2012: A Study of Japanese-Chinese Crisis Management, Asia-Pacific Review, 22:1, 73-99

Hook, G. D (2014) Japan’s Risky Frontiers: Territorial Sovereignty and Governance of the Senkaku Islands, Japanese Studies, 34:1, 1-23

Jash, Amrita (2017) China, Japan, and the East China Sea Imbroglio, Maritime Affairs: Journal of the National Maritime Foundation of India, 13:2, 76-83

Kim, Jihyun & Meyers, Renee (2012) Cultural Differences in conflict management styles in East and West organizations: Employing holism as a cultural theoretical frame to investigate South Korean and U.S. employee conflict management styles, Journal of Intercultural Communication, 29

Koo, Min Gyo (2009) The Senkaku/Diaoyu dispute and Sino-Japanese political-economic relations: cold politics and hot economics?, The Pacific Review, 22:2, 205-232

Lee, Yusin & Sanjoon Kim (2008) Dividing Seabed Hydrocarbon Resources in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis of the East China Sea and the Caspian Sea, Asian Survey, 48:5, 794-815

Liao, Xuanli (2008) Sino-Japanese Energy Security and Regional Stability: The Case of the East China Sea Gas Exploration, East Asia, 57-78

Lim, Lena (2009) The influences of harmony motives and implicit beliefs on conflict styles of the collectivist, International Journal of Psychology: Journal international de psychologie, 44, 401-409

Nakano, Ryoko (2016) The Sino-Japanese territorial dispute and threat perception in power transition, The Pacific Review, 29:2, 165-186

Pan, Zhongqi (2007) Sino-Japanese over the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands: The Pending Controversy from the Chinese Perspective, Journal of Chinese Political Science, 12:1, 71-92

Rahmanto, A. H (2014) Sengketa Kepulauan Senkaku antara Cina dan Jepang (1998-2013), Jurnal Analisis Hubungan Internasional, 3:1, 67-83

Su, S. W (2005) The Territorial Dispute over the Tiaoyu/Senkaku Islands: An Update, Ocean Development & International Law, 36:1, 45-61

Tamisari, F. & D. Heryadi (2017) Kebijakkan Luar Negeri Jepang Terhadap Pemberlakuan Zona Identifikasi Pertahanan Udara Cina, Journal of International Studies¸2:1, 36-52

Valencia, H. J (2000) Regional Maritime Regime Building: Prospects in Northeast and Southeast Asia, Ocean Development & International Law, 31:3, 223-247

Veronica, Nuri Widiastuti (2015) Rivalitas Cina dan Jepang dalam Institusi Regional Asia Timur, GLOBAL: Jurnal Politik Internasional, 16:1, 19-33

Wiegand, K. E. (2009) China’s Strategy in the Senkaku/Diayu Islands Dispute: Issue Linkage and Coercive Diplomacy, Asian Security, 5:2, 170-193

Yee, Andy (2011) Maratime Territorial Disputes in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis of the South China Sea and the East China Sea, Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 40:2, 165-193

Zhao, Suisheng (2016) China’s Difficult Relations with Japan: Pragmatism, Superficial Friendhsip, and Historical Memories, Asian Journal of Comparative Politics 2016, 1:4, 335-353

Hoffman, Michael (2016) Western Culture and The End of Japanese “Harmony”, sumber:

Kemenkeu Jepang (2018) Ministry of Finance: Trade Statistics of Japan, sumber:

Kemlu Jepang (1972) Joint Communique of the Government of Japan and the Government of the People’s Republic of China, sumber:

Kemlu Jepang (1978) Treaty of Peace and Friendship Between Japan and the People’s Republic of China, sumber:

Kemlu Jepang (2008) Joint Statement between the Government of Japan and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on Comprehensive Promotion of a “Mutually Beneficial Relationship Based on Common Strategic Interests, sumber:

Kemlu Jepang (2016) Japan’s Security Policy, sumber:

Mrosovsky, C. R. (2008) International Law’s Unhelpful Role in the Senkaku Islands, sumber:'lL.903(2008).pdf

Scoville, Ryan (2015) Sorry, China: Japan Has the Better Claim over the Senkakus, sumber:

Xu, Beina (2014) The U.S.-Japan Security Alliance, sumber:


  • There are currently no refbacks.