Kebijakan Unilateral Penanganan Imigran Ilegal Australia Pasca Pemilihan Umum Australia Tahun 2013

Fakhrul Rizal


This article analyzes military policy making made by Australian Government to tackle the issue of illegal immigrants in Australia after the Australian Federal Election in 2013. Some of existing studies on the topic illustrate from the point of view of securitization, that illegal immigrant issues has been securitized and requires the intervention of the Australian army through Operations Sovereign Borders. However, in the context of the 2013 Australian Federal Elections, these earlier studies have not explained the objectives of securitization resulting in an assertive policy in the handling of illegal immigrants. By employing the strands of securitization concept, this paper explains what objectives the securitizing actor wants to achieve from the securitization of illegal immigrant issues in Australia. The findings of this paper indicate that the securitization was aimed at raising the issue of illegal immigrants on the national security agenda due to the emergence of this issue and to gain legitimacy of extraordinary measures to eliminate the threat possesed by illegal immigrants.


Illegal immigrant; asylum seeker; operation sovereign border; securitization


Abbott’s Liberals and the “illegal boats” election campaign. (n.d.). Retrieved September 10, 2018, from

Abbott, T. (2013). Tony Abbott’s campaign launch speech: full transcript. The Sydney Morning Herald.

ABC. (2014). Promise check: We will stop the boats. ABC News. Retrieved from

Austin, J. L. (1975). How to do things with words (Vol. 88). Oxford university press.

Beach, D. (2016). It’s all about mechanisms–what process-tracing case studies should be tracing. New Political Economy, 21(5), 463–472.

Buzan, B., Wæver, O., Wæver, O., & De Wilde, J. (1998). Security: a new framework for analysis. Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Flight from Nauru ends Pacific Solution. (n.d.). Retrieved September 8, 2018, from

Grewcock, M. (2014). Australian border policing: Regional ‘solutions’ and neocolonialism. Race & Class, 55(3), 71–78.

Han, A. (2014). Stop the Boats. Retrieved from

Holmes, B. (2014). Federal Election 2013: issues, dynamics, outcomes. Parliamentary Library.

Hugo, G., Tan, G., & Napitupulu, C. J. (2014). Indonesia as a transit country in irregular migration to Australia. A LONG WAY TO GO, 167.

Kurniawan, Y. (2018). The Politics of Securitization in Democratic Indonesia. Springer.

Leslie, T., & Corcoran, M. (2014). Operation sovereign borders: The first six months. ABC News.

Mares, P., & Mares, P. (2001). Borderline: Australia’s treatment of refugees and asylum seekers (Vol. 204). Springer.

Marles, R. (2015, July 22). Why Labor Will Turn Back Ayslum Seeker Boats. Sydney Morning Herald.

McDonald, M. (2011). Deliberation and resecuritization: Australia, asylum-seekers and the normative limits of the Copenhagen School. Australian Journal of Political Science, 46(2), 281–295.

McDonald, M. (2008). Security Studies: An Introduction. In Security Studies (pp. 59–72). Routledge.

McKay, F. H., Thomas, S. L., & Kneebone, S. (2012). ‘It would be okay if they came through the proper channels’: Community perceptions and attitudes toward asylum seekers in Australia. Journal of Refugee Studies, 25(1), 113–133.

McKenzie, J., & Hasmath, R. (2013). Deterring the ‘boat people’: Explaining The Australian government’s people swap response to asylum seekers. Australian Journal of Political Science, 48(4), 417–430.

McMaster, D. (2002). Asylum-seekers and the insecurity of a nation. Australian Journal of International Affairs, 56(2), 279–290.

Millar, C. (2004). “Bali Process”-Building Regional Cooperation to Combat People Smuggling and Trafficking in Persons. Speech by the Australian Ambassador for People Smuggling Issues, Institute for the Study of Global Movements, Monash University, Melbourne, 29.

Missbach, A. (2015). Troubled transit: asylum seekers stuck in Indonesia. ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute.

Nethery, A., Rafferty-Brown, B., & Taylor, S. (2012). Exporting detention: Australia-funded immigration detention in Indonesia. Journal of Refugee Studies, 26(1), 88–109.

Operation Sovereign Borders. (2013). Retrieved from

Paulsen, J. (2016). Australia´ s refugee policies and bilateral relations with Indonesia. Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås.

Phillips, J. (2014). Boat arrivals in Australia: a quick guide to the statistics. Parliament of Australia, 23.

Samosir, H. A. (2015). Kapal Imigran Tiba, Indonesia Minta Klarifikasi Australia. Retrieved from

SBS News. (2014). Satisfied Australia marks six months with no boatpeople. Retrieved September 12, 2018, from

Sofyan, B. (2014). Menyikapi Arus Imigran Gelap Menuju Australia guna Mengamankan Kepentingan Nasional Indonesia dalam Rangka Ketahanan Nasional. Jurnal Kajian Lemhannas RI, Edisi 17, 11–16. Retrieved from

Taylor, S., & Rafferty-Brown, B. (2010). Waiting for Life to Begin: The Plight of Asylum Seekers Caught by Australia’s Indonesian Solution. International Journal of Refugee Law, 22(4), 558–592.

Toohey, P. (2014). Quarterly Essay 53 That Sinking Feeling: Asylum Seekers and the Search for the Indonesian Solution (Vol. 53). Black Inc.

Tyrer, S. (2017). An Australia-Indonesia arrangement on refugees: Exploring the structural, legal and diplomatic dimensions. Adel. L. Rev., 38, 113.

Vuori, J. A. (2008). Illocutionary logic and strands of securitization: Applying the theory of securitization to the study of non-democratic political orders. European Journal of International Relations, 14(1), 65–99.

Wæver, O. (2000). The EU as a security actor: reflections from a pessimistic constructivist on postsovereign security orders. In International relations theory and the politics of European integration (pp. 250–294). Routledge.

White, S. (2015). Antisocial network: government targets Australians in asylum seeker ads. Retrieved September 16, 2018, from

Williams, M. C. (2003). Words, images, enemies: Securitization and international politics. International Studies Quarterly, 47(4), 511–531.


  • There are currently no refbacks.